Executions and Exceptional Deaths

Our family histories are full of stories related to exceptional deaths and however difficult the subject matter might be one thing is for sure, It often makes us think, remember and honour that individual above all others.

We may live our live’s plainly, honestly and without leaving much in a way to remember us by, But die extraordinarily and your remembered for it.

Death intrigues everyone, it’s the last thing we all endure and it leaves more questions than answers.

Below is a list of ancestors and family members that have all passed in exceptional ways.

(The list doesn’t include those who died in Battle)

Exceptional Deaths

Emma Charlotte Beauchamp (nee: Baldwin) (1830 – 1856)

Murdered by her husband


Thomas Leggett Morley (1823 – 1867)

Drowned just of Gorleston when a lifeboat capsized.


James Legget (- 1867)

Drowned just of Gorleston when a lifeboat capsized.


Selina Aylott (1853 – 1909)

Violent Poisoning by hydrochloric acid, suicide whilst of unsound mind.


Michael Ernest Janes (1946 – 1947)

Asphyxia due to Drowning, fell into Chelmer Canal.


Thomas Bean (1793 – 1845)

Fractured Ribs and Wounded Lungs, constantly having been bucked down and trodden upon by a ‘artain’ horse.


Napper Challen (1782 – 1855)

Fell into Chichester Canal reaching for his hat and drowned.


Mary Ann Janes (1864 – 1943)

Died in the Maldon Blitz when a bomb landed on her home.


Samuel Janes (1663 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Sarah Hinsdale (1669 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Obadiah Janes (1697 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Ebenezer Janes (1701 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Sarah Janes (1703 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Hannah Janes (1696 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Miriam Standish Janes (1700 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Benjamin Janes (1701 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Nathaniel Janes (1703 – 1704)

Killed and scalped by Native Indians during the massacre of pascommuck.


Robert Hinsdale (1617 – 1675)

Native American’s ambushed colonists escorting a train of wagons carrying the harvest from Deerfield to Hadley, half of the men in the village were killed.


Barnabus Hinsdale (1639 – 1675)

Native American’s ambushed colonists escorting a train of wagons carrying the harvest from Deerfield to Hadley, half of the men in the village were killed.


Samuel Hinsdale (1642 – 1675)

Native American’s ambushed colonists escorting a train of wagons carrying the harvest from Deerfield to Hadley, half of the men in the village were killed.


John Hinsdale (1648 – 1675)

Native American’s ambushed colonists escorting a train of wagons carrying the harvest from Deerfield to Hadley, half of the men in the village were killed.


Thomas Williams Baker (1620 – 1694)

Murdered in Melbury-Bubb, Dorset by two men who stole his Market earnings and then fled. The two assailants were later caught and gibbeted alive, they were left to die a slow death.


Samuel Bellamy (1689 – 1717)

Went down with his ship the Wydah and drowned, just off Wellfleet, Barnstable, Massachusetts.


James Gale (alias’ James Twank) (1803 – 1839)

Suspected of being murdered by his wife Elizabeth Minton, so she could marry her neighbour John Hounsell.


Mary Legg (1802 – 1839)

Suspected of being murdered by her husband John Hounsell, so he could marry his neighbour Elizabeth Minton.


Archibald Coil (1678 – 1909)

Died during the West Stanley Colliery pit disaster, 200 Miners were intombed alive and 136 of them perished.


Alexander III, King of Scotland (d. 1286)

Died when he and his horse went off the road in the dark, and fell over a cliff; the long term outcome was increased English influence and the First Scottish War of Independence and the immediate result was a regency because heirs were underage or unborn.


Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy (c. 1182 – 1242)

Fell from his horse onto his sword and died


Fulk of Jerusalem (1089 – 1143)

Fell from horse while hunting in 1143. His wooden saddle fell after him, striking him on the head, causing fatal injuries.


Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of Brittany and son of Henry II of England (d. 19 August 1186)

Trampled to death by his horse during a tournament; with his death, Plantagenet rule of Brittany was weakened (son Arthur and daughter Eleanor were underage and in future imprisoned by uncle John I of England) – finally decades later, the duchy is passed by Philip II of France to the House of Dreux, descendants of Geoffrey’s widow’s other marriage


Isabella of Aragon (1247 – 1271)

Wife of king Philip III of France – d. 1271 at 24 from a fall


Louis IV of France (920-954)

King of France, died after falling from his horse


Marjorie Bruce (1296 – 1316)

Daughter of Robert the Bruce and half-sister of David II of Scotland d. 2 March 1316 after a fall from a horse caused premature labour; her baby survived to become King Robert II of Scotland


Philip of France (1116–1131)

Heir of king Louis VI of France ? d. 1131, from a fall from a horse.


William the Conqueror (1027 – 1087)

Died aged 60 at the Convent of St. Gervais, near Rouen, France, on 9 September 1087 from abdominal injuries received from his saddle pommel when he fell off a horse at the Siege of Mantes.


John Dunbar, Earl of Moray (d. 1390)

A Scottish nobleman, died Jousting.


Henry II of France (d. 1559)

Died from lance wound; his death was a factor in the end of jousting as a sport.


Alan III, Duke of Brittany (997 – 1040)

Poisoned by unnamed Normans


Baudouin III “King of Jerusalem” D’ ANJOU (1131 – 1162)

It was rumoured that he had been poisoned in Antioch by pills given to him by his Syrian Orthodox doctor.


Margaret Drummond (c. 1475 – 1501)

It has been widely suggested in more recent years that Margaret Drummond was murdered, either by English agents or by pro-English elements in the Scottish nobility. Many believe that James IV was planning to or had already secretly married Drummond, and her death was necessary in order to allow or force the King to marry the English princess Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York. The (comparatively recent) plaque on her grave in Dunblane Cathedral claims that she was commonly believed to be “privately married” to the king, and that she was murdered by Scottish nobles who supported the English marriage.


Rosamund ‘the Fair’ de Clifford (1137 – 1176)

Believed to have been poisoned by, Eléonore D’ Aquitaine


Ragnar Lodbrok (d. 865)

The semi-legendary Viking leader, was supposedly captured by Ælla of Northumbria who had him executed by having him thrown into a pit of snakes.


Sigurd the Mighty of Orkney (d. 892)

Strapped the head of his defeated foe, Máel Brigte, to his horse’s saddle. Brigte’s teeth rubbed against Sigurd’s leg as he rode, causing a fatal infection.


Edmund Ironside (d. 1016)

Was stabbed whilst on a toilet, by an assassin hiding underneath.


Béla I of Hungary (d. 1063)

When the Holy Roman Empire decided to launch a military expedition against Hungary to restore young Solomon to the throne, was seriously injured when “his throne broke beneath him” in his manor at Dömös. The King—who was “half-dead”, according to the Illuminated Chronicle—was taken to the western borders of his kingdom, where he died at the creek Kanizsva on 11 September 1063


Prince Philip of France (d. 1131)

Died while riding through Paris, when his horse tripped over a black pig running out of a dung heap.


Edward II of England (d. 1327)

After being deposed and imprisoned by his wife Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer, was rumoured to have been murdered by having a horn pushed into his anus through which a red-hot iron was inserted, burning out his internal organs without marking his body. However, there is no real academic consensus on the manner of Edward II’s death and it has been plausibly argued that the story is propaganda.


Charles II of Navarre (d. 1387)

Known as “Charles the Bad”. The contemporary chronicler Froissart relates that the king, suffering from illness in old age, was ordered by his physician to be tightly sewn into a linen sheet soaked in distilled spirits. The highly flammable sheet accidentally caught fire and Charles later died of his injuries. Froissart considered the horrific death to be God’s judgment upon the king.


George PlantagenetDuke of Clarence (d. 1478)

was allegedly executed by drowning in a barrel of Malmsey wine at his own request.


William Adelin (1103 – 1120)

Drowned onboard the White Ship a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only one of those aboard survived


Richard d’Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester (1094 – 1120)

Drowned onboard the White Ship a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only one of those aboard survived


Matilda FitzRoy, Countess of Perche (d. 1120)

Drowned onboard the White Ship a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only one of those aboard survived


Richard of Lincoln, illegitimate son of Henry I of England (1101 – 1120)

Drowned onboard the White Ship a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only one of those aboard survived


Geoffrey Ridel, royal justice (d. 1120)

Drowned onboard the White Ship a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only one of those aboard survived


Pepin the Hunchback (769 – 811)

Died from Plague


Blanche of Lancaster (1345 – 1368)

The Black Death


Joan of England (1335–1348)

The Black Death


Joan of Lancaster (1312 – 1349)

The Plague


Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (1366 – 1399)

He died of the plague at Venice on 22 September 1399


Isabel de Verdun, Baroness Ferrers of Groby (1317 – 1349)

The Plague


Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell (1297 – 1349)

The Plague


Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick (1313 – 1369)

He died of plague in Calais on 13 November 1369


Beatrice, Countess of Arundel (1380 – 1439)

The Plague


George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford (1477 – 1479)

George died aged two. This is considered likely to have been due to an outbreak of bubonic plague.


Philippa of Lancaster (1360 – 1415)

Died of Plague in Lisbon.


Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March (1391 – 1425)

Died of plague at Trim Castle.


Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430 – 1456)

Edmund was captured at Carmarthen Castle, and died there of the bubonic plague on 3 November 1456.


Lady Mary Grey (1545 – 1578)

Died from Plague in London


Henry Plaskett (1731 – 1782)

Died from Smallpox


Edward V Plantagenet, King of England (1470 – 1483)

Murdered


Richard Plantagent, 1st Duke of York (1473 – 1483)

Murdered


Sir John fitz Alan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1348 – 1379)

Drowned at sea between England and Ireland


Ernest of Austria, the Valiant (1006 – 1075)

Drowned on the River Unstrut near Langensalza


Sir Robert Barry ( – 1345)

Killed by the Macdermada


John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan (1318 – 1342)

Died during a Tournament


Maurice Berkeley (1243 – 1279)

Died during a tournament


William le Bigod (1095 – 1120)

Drowned during the sinking of the White Ship


Count Thietmar Billung (1003 – 1048)

Killed during a Duel at Pohlde


Lucia-Mahaut de Blois, Countess of Chester ( – 1120)

Drowned during the sinking of the White Ship


Chilperic II de Bourgogne (430 – 493)

Slain by his brother Gundobad


Ragnvald II Brusesson, Jarl of Orkney (1011 – 1046)

Killed – Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland


Sir John Burghersh, of East Worldham (1322 – 1349)

Died from Plague


George W Chambers (1809 – 1851)

Lost on return trip from California gold fields, Panama, Central America


Sir Richard de Clare, ‘fitz Gilbert’, Lord of Clare (1094 – 1136)

killed near Abergavenny, Wales


Mendo II Concalves of Portugal (- 1028)

Killed whilst raiding Spain


Sir Hugh de Croft, Sheriff Shropshire, K.B, M.P (1274 – 1317)

Murdered by Lacys in Ireland


Caroline Curl (1847 – 1922)

Car accident in Niagra Falls


Lydia Jane Curl (1816 – 1891)

Drowned in Central Macdonald River, New South Wales, Australia


Richard D’Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester (1094 – 1120)

Drowned on-board the White Ship


James Dalrymple Horn (1762 – 1798)

Died at Sea


George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus (1378 – 1402)

of plague as prisoner of English after Battle of Homildon Hill


Sir James Douglas, the Black, 6th Laird (1286 – 1330)

by Moors in Spain, carrying Robert the Bruce’s heart to Holy Land


Sir William Douglas, Le Hardi, 5th Laird (1255 – 1298)

Following Wallace’s success at Stirling Bridge the English fled Berwick on Tweed with Douglas and another Scottish prisoner Thomas de Morham; both were later committed to the Tower of London on 12 October 1297 with Douglas meeting his end there in 1298 due to mistreatment.


Pierre I de Dreux, ‘Peter’ Mauclerc, Comte de Dreux, Duc de Bretagne (1191 – 1250)

at sea, returning wounded from Crusade


Sir Malcolm Drummond (1347 – 1402)

Murdered in Prison


Uchtred de Galloway, Lord of Galloway (1121 – 1174)

Murdered by his nephew Malcolm Loch


Catherine Grey (1629 – 1695)

On voyage from Barbados


Ivar Halfdansson, King of Lethra (612 – 647)

Waters of Gulf of Finland


John Hamilton, Secular Priest (1534 – 1610)

died whilst imprisoned in the Tower of London


William Heron, of Ford Castle, Esq (1388 – 1427/8)

Slain at Etal near Ford, Northumberland


Friedrich I Hohenstaufen, King of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 – 1190)

Drowned crossing the Saleph River, Cilicia, Asia Minor


Henry de Holand, 3rd Duke of Exeter (1430 – 1475)

at sea between Calais and Dover


Payn fitz John of Ewyas (1093 – 1137)

Killed pursuing Welsh marauders by a javelin


Executions

List of people who were beheaded

Sir Simon Fraser, Banneret (1306) – Drawn and Quatered in London


Sir Adam Banastre, of Bretherton (1315) – Executed at Duxbury


Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria (1076) – Executed at Winchester by order of William Ifor taking part in the Revolt of the Earls


Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Wales (1283) – Hanged, drawn and quartered in Shrewsbury by Edward I for treason.


Piers Gaveston (1312) – Executed near Warwick by Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in the Baron’s Revolt


Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster – Lord High Steward (1322) – Executed at Pontefract by Edward II of England


Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (1326) – Executed at Hereford by Queen Isabella, Regent for Edward III


Hugh Despenser the Younger (1326) – hanged, drawn and quartered by order of Queen Isabella


Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent – Lord Wardens of the Cinque Ports (1330) – Executed at Winchester by Queen Isabella, Regent for Edward III


Sir John Cavendish – Chief Justice of the King’s Bench, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge (1381) – Executed in Bury St Edmunds by rebels during the Peasants’ Revolt


John de Beauchamp (1388) – Executed on Tower Hill by the Merciless Parliament for supporting Richard II of England.


Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, KG (1397) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Richard II of England


William le Scrope, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, Sir John Bussy and Sir Henry Green (1399) Executed in Bristol Castle by the Duke of Hereford (soon to be Henry IV of England)


Ralph de Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley (1400) – Executed at Cirencester during reign of Henry IVfor the Epiphany Rising


Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1400) – Executed at Bristol by order of Henry IV for the Epiphany Rising


John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, KG – Lord Great Chamberlain and Justice of Chester (1400) – Executed at Pleshey Castle, Essex by order of Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford, with the approval of her son-in-law Henry IV, for the Epiphany Rising


John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, KG (1400) – Executed at Cirencester during reign of Henry IV for the Epiphany Rising


Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, KG – Earl Marshal (1400) – Executed at Cirencester during reign of Henry IV for the Epiphany Rising


Sir Bernard Brocas (1400) – Beheaded at Tyburn during reign of Henry IV for the Epiphany Rising


Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester (1403) – Executed by order of Henry IV (Hanged, drawn and quartered)


Sir Richard Vernon (1403) – Executed by order of Henry IV (Hanged, drawn and quartered)


Sir Richard Venables (1403) – Executed by order of Henry IV (Hanged, drawn and quartered)


Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk – Earl Marshal (1405) – Executed at York by order of Henry IV for treason


Sir William de Plumpton (1405) – Executed by order of Henry IV for treason


Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (1415) – Executed at Southampton by order of Henry V of England for his involvement in the Southampton Plot


William de la Pole (1450) – Beheaded at sea, possibly by order of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York


James Fiennes, 1st Baron Saye and Sele (1450) – Beheaded in London by rebels led by Jack Cade


Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC – Lord Chancellor (1460) – Executed after the Battle of Wakefield for being a Yorkist


Edmund, Earl of Rutland (1460) – Executed by order of Lord Clifford for being a Yorkist (stabbed to death during the Battle of Wakefield and later decapitated)


Sir Owen Tudor (1461) – Executed after the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross for being a Lancastrian


William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville (1461) – Executed by order of Margaret of Anjou after the Second Battle of St Albans for being a Yorkist


Thomas Courtenay, 14th Earl of Devon (1461) – Executed after the Battle of Towton for being a Lancastrian


James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond – 1st Earl of Wiltshire (1461) – Executed after the Battle of Towton for being a Lancastrian


Lord Aubrey de Vere (1462) – Son of John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (1462) – Beheaded for treason at Tower Hill by order of John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester


John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (1462) – Beheaded for treason at Tower Hill by order of John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester


Sir Thomas Tuddenham (1462)


Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (1464) – Beheaded after the Battle of Hexham for being a Lancastrian


Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford (1464) – Beheaded at Newcastle after the Battle of Hexham for being a Lancastrian


Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros (1464) – Beheaded at Newcastle after the Battle of Hexhamfor being a Lancastrian


Sir William Tailboys (1464) – Executed after Battle of Hexham for being a Lancastrian


Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers – Lord High Treasurer and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (1469) – Executed by order of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick for being a Yorkist


Sir John Woodville (1469) – Son of above – Executed by order of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick for being a Yorkist


William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1468 creation) (1469) – Executed after Battle of Edgecote Moor for being a Yorkist


Sir Richard Herbert (1469) – Executed after Battle of Edgecote Moor for being a Yorkist, also illegitimate son of the above


Sir Thomas Dymoke (1470) – Executed on battlefield of Losecote by order of Edward IV for being a Lancastrian


Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset (1471) – Beheaded after the Battle of Tewkesbury for being a Lancastrian


Sir Gervase Clifton (1471) – Beheaded after the Battle of Tewkesbury for being a Lancastrian


William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (1483) – Executed near Tower Chapel by order of Richard III for being a Lancastrian


Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham – Lord High Constable (1483) – Beheaded at Shrewsbury by order of Richard III for being too close to the crown and also for being a Lancastrian


Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers – Chief Butler of England (1483) – Executed at Pontefract castle by order of Richard III for being a Lancastrian and uncle of the below


Sir Richard Grey (1483) – Executed at Pontefract Castle by order of Richard III for being a Lancastrian and nephew of the above


Sir Thomas St Leger (1483) – Beheaded at Exeter for rebellion against his brother-in-law Richard III


Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick – Heir to the English Throne from 9 April 1484 – March 1485 (1499) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VII of England


Sir James Tyrrell (1502) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VII of England for treason


Sir John Wyndham (1502) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VII of England for treason


Sir Edmund Dudley – Speaker of the House of Commons (1510) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for extortion.


Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk (1513) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England as Yorkist claimant to throne


Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, KG – Lord High Steward and Lord High Constable (1521) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England as claimant to throne


Anne Boleyn – Queen of England and Henry’s Wife (1536) – Executed by sword at the Tower of London by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford (1536) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


Sir Henry Norris – Groom of the Stool (1536) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


Sir Francis Weston – Gentleman of the Privy Chamber (1536) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy, KG (1537) – Beheaded at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for being in the Pilgrimage of Grace


Sir Edward Neville (1538) – Beheaded at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for being in Bigod’s Rebellion


Henry Pole, 11th Baron Montacute (1539) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for being in Exeter Conspiracy


Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter, KG, PC, Lord Warden of the Stannaries (1539) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for being in Exeter Conspiracy


Sir Nicholas Carew (1539)


Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, KG, PC – Secretary of State, Master of the Rolls, Lord Privy Seal, Governor of the Isle of Wight, Justice in Eyre, Lord Great Chamberlain (1540) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Henry VIII of England for treason


Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (1541) – Executed at Tower Green by order of Henry VIII of England for high treason


Sir Thomas Culpepper (1541) – Executed at Tyburn by order of Henry VIII for high treason (adultery with the queen)


Catherine Howard – Queen of England and Henry’s Wife (1542) – Executed at Tower Green by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford – Wife of executed George Boleyn, Viscount Rochfordand sister-in-law of Anne Boleyn (1542) – Executed at Tower Green by order of Henry VIII of England for High Treason


Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, KG – Earl Marshal (1547) – Executed at Tower Hill during the reign of Henry VIII of England for treason


Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley – Master-General of the Ordnance, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Lord High Admiral, also was the husband of Henry VIII sixth wife and widow Catherine Parr and the brother of Henry’s third wife Jane Seymour (1549) – Beheaded for treason at Tower Hill during the reign of Edward VI of England


John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG – Vice-Admiral, Lord Admiral, Governor of Boulogne, President of the Council in the Marches, Lord Great Chamberlain, Grand Master of the Royal Household, Earl Marshal of England, Lord President of the Council, Warden General of the Scottish Marches (1553) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Mary I for supporting Lady Jane Grey


Lady Jane Grey – Queen of England 10–19 July 1553 and Heir to the English and Irish Thrones 21 June – 10 July 1553 (1554) – Executed at Tower Green by Mary I as claimant to throne


Lord Guilford Dudley – Son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland and Royal Consort of England 10–19 July 1553 (1554) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Mary I for supporting Lady Jane Grey


Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG – Father of the above, Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire, Justice in Eyre (1554) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Mary I for rebellion


Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger (1554) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Mary I for rebellion


Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, KG – Earl Marshal (1573) – Executed at Tower Hill by order of Elizabeth I of England for Ridolfi plot)


Mary, Queen of Scots – Queen of Scots and Queen consort of France (1587) – Executed during the reign of Elizabeth I of England for treason


Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG – Master of the Horse, Earl Marshal, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Custos Rotulorum of Pembrokeshire, Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire, Master-General of the Ordnance (1601) – Executed at Tower Hill during the reign of Elizabeth I of England for High Treason


Sir Walter Raleigh – Lord Warden of the Stannaries, Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall, Vice-Admiral of Devon, Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Governor of Jersey (1618) – Executed in the Old Palace Yard, Westminster by orders of James VI


Charles I of England and Scotland (1649) – Executed in Whitehall, London by order of Cromwell’s Parliament


Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, KG – Master of the Horse, Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire, Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex, Justice in Eyre (1649) – Executed in London by order of Cromwell’s Parliament for being a Royalist


Oliver Cromwell (1661) – Posthumously beheaded at Tyburn by order of Charles II as a regicide.


Henry Ireton (1661) – Posthumously beheaded at Tyburn by order of Charles II as a regicide.


Lord Walter Stewart and Lord Alexander Sewart (1425) – Executed by orders of James I of Scotland


Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany (1425) – Executed by order of James I of Scotland


William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas (1440) – Executed at Edinburgh Castle on trumped-up charges in front of James II of Scotland


Lord David Douglas (1440) – Executed at Edinburgh Castle on trumped-up charges in front of James II of Scotland


Sir James Hamilton of Finnart – Master of Work to the Crown of Scotland (1540) – Executed by order of James V of Scotland


William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie (1584) – Executed by order of James VI of Scotland


Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney (1615) – Executed by order of James VI of Scotland


Sir John Gordon, 1st Baronet, of Haddo (1644) – Executed on the Scottish maiden by the Covenanters for treason as a Royalist


Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll (1661) – Executed by order of Charles II of Scotland on the Scottish maiden for treason


Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll (1685) – son of above. Executed by order of James VII of Scotland on the Scottish maiden for treason


Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd (February 1136) – executed by the Anglo-Norman forces led by Maurice de Londres at Kidwelly Castle, Wales, after a failed uprising


Llewelyn ap Gruffydd (1282) – Beheaded posthumously after his death in battle at Aberedw.


Sir Roger Vaughan (1471) – Beheaded at Chepstow by Jasper Tudor, Earl of Bedford for being a Yorkist.


Thomas Wintour (1606)


Robert Wintour (1606)


Sir David de Brechin (1320) – Executed for treason against Robert I of Scotland


Sir George Browne (1469) – Beheaded by Richard III, London, England


William Browne (1483) – Executed on Tower Hill


Edward Courtney (1538) – Executed on Tower Hill


Thomas Grey (1555) – Executed on Tower Hill


Richard de Haselburg (1217) – Beheaded and hung by feet


Sir Ralph Hastings, of Sutton-in-Holderness (1405) – Beheaded


List of People Hanged

Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (1330) Accused of assuming royal power; hanged without trial


Sir  Humphrey Stafford of Grafton (1486) Accused of siding with Richard III; hanged without trial on orders of Henry VII.


John Bennett of Bagshott (1689)


William Davis, the Golden Farmer (1690)


William de Braose, 14th Lord Abergavenny (1230) Hanged In Wales By Llewelyn Ap Iorwerth


List of People Burnt at the Stake

William Tylsworth (1506)


Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis (1537), for Witchcraft


List of people Executed in otherways

Guillaume de Baux, Prince of Orange (1218)

Skinned Alive


Agrippine ‘Caretena’ de Bourgogne (430 – 506)

Drowned with a stone hung around her neck


William iv de Braose, 5th Lord of Bramber (1210)

Starved to death in Corfe Castle


Matilda de st Valerie (1210)

Starved to death in Corfe Castle


Amic D’Avignon (1006 – 1050)

Skinned Alive

 


Assassinations

Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath (1186)


Edmund I, King of England (946)


Edward the Martyr, King of England (978)


Kenneth II, King of Scotland (995)


William Rufus, King of England (1100)


John III Comyn, ‘the Red’, Lord of Badenoch (1306)


James I, King of Scotland (1437)


William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas (1452)


Henry VI, King of England (1471)


James III, King of Scotland (1488)


Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1567)


James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (1570)


Guillermo II de Besalu (1066/70)


 

 

 

 

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