Generation 22 – Eleanor de Clare (1292 – 1337)

47 Generations of Family History
Generation Twenty Two
Eleanor ‘Alianore’ de Clare
(1292 – 1337)

The stained glass windows in the chancel of Tewkesbury Abbey are all from between 1338 and 1340. They were most probably a gift to the Abbey by Eleanor Despenser (nee de Clare) the wife of Hugh Despenser the Younger. Eleanor is thought to be the person depicted in the panel here. Photo Credit: Walwyn http://www.flickr.com/photos/overton_cat/5891760465/

The stained glass windows in the chancel of Tewkesbury Abbey are all from between 1338 and 1340. They were most probably a gift to the Abbey by Eleanor Despenser (nee de Clare) the wife of Hugh Despenser the Younger. Eleanor is thought to be the person depicted in the panel here.
Photo Credit: Walwyn
http://www.flickr.com/photos/overton_cat/5891760465/

Facts

Name: Eleanor ‘Alianore’ de Clare
Birth: 3 October 1292
Place of Birth: Caerphilly Castle, Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales

Parents:
Father: Sir Gilbert ‘the Red’ “7th Earl of Hertford” de CLARE
Mother: Joan ‘of Acre’ “Princess of England” PLANTAGENET

Spouse: Hugh ‘the Younger’ le Despenser
Marriage: 14 June 1306
Place of Marriage: Westminster Abbey, London, England

Children: They had 9 known children
i. Hugh “2nd Baron le Despencer” le DESPENSER
ii. Gilbert le DESPENSER
iii. Sir Edward le DESPENSER Knt
iv. John le DESPENSER
v. Isabel “Countess of Arundel” le DESPENSER
vi. Eleanor “Nun at Sempringham Priory” DESPENSER
vii. Joan “Nun at Shaftesbury Priory” le DESPENSER
viii. Margaret “Nun at Whatton Priory” DESPENSER
ix. Elizabeth “Baroness Berkeley” le DESPENSER

2nd Spouse: Sir William “1st Baron la Zouche” de MORTIMER
Marriage: about 1329
Place of Marriage: England

Children: They had two known children.
i. William “a monk at Glastonbury Abbey” de la ZOUCHE
ii. Joyce la ZOUCHE

Death: 30 June 1337
Place of Death: Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England
Cause of Death: Unknown
Burial: July 1337
Place of Burial: Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England

Titles:
(i) Lady Despenser

Heraldry: Arms of Despencer: Blazon: Or three chevronells Gules

My Family Connection: 21st great-grandmother

Short Biography

Eleanor de Clare (3 October 1292 – 30 June 1337) was the wife of the powerful Hugh Despenser the younger. She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly Castle in Glamorgan, Wales. She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England. With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare, she inherited her father’s estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314.

Marriage to Hugh le Despenser

Hugh and Eleanor at Tewkesbury Abbey. Drawing by: Stephanie Decavallas. The original link to this artwork no longer exists, but this particular image was sourced from: http://www.susanhigginbotham.com/blog/posts/hugh-and-eleanor-at-tewkesbury-abbey/

Hugh and Eleanor at Tewkesbury Abbey.
Drawing by: Stephanie Decavallas.
The original link to this artwork no longer exists, but this particular image was sourced from: http://www.susanhigginbotham.com/blog/posts/hugh-and-eleanor-at-tewkesbury-abbey/

Hugh Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser (c. 1286 – 24 November 1326), also referred to as “the younger Despenser”, was the son and heir of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester (the elder Despenser), and Isabella daughter of William, 9th Earl of Warwick. He rose to national prominence as royal chamberlain and a favourite of Edward II of England. A series of subsequent controversies eventually led to his being hanged, drawn and quartered.

In May 1306 Hugh Despenser the younger was knighted, and that summer he married Eleanor de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 9th Lord of Clare and 7th Earl of Hertford and Joan of Acre.
Eleanor’s grandfather, Edward I, owed the elder Despenser 2,000 marks (£994 thousand at today’s prices) and the marriage settled this debt, and was a reward for the elder Hugh’s loyal service.
When Eleanor’s brother, Gilbert, was killed in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn, she unexpectedly became one of the three co-heiresses to the rich Gloucester earldom, and in her right Hugh inherited Glamorgan and other properties. In just a few years Hugh went from a landless knight to one of the wealthiest magnates in the kingdom.
Eleanor was also the niece of the new king, Edward II of England, and this connection brought Despenser closer to the English royal court. He joined the baronial opposition to Piers Gaveston, the king’s favourite (and Hugh’s brother-in-law, as Gaveston was married to Eleanor’s sister Margaret).
Eager for power and wealth, Despenser seized Tonbridge Castle in 1315, after his brother-in-law’s death under the misapprehension that it belonged to his mother-in-law (he relinquished it on discovering that the rightful owner was the Archbishop of Canterbury). In 1318 he murdered Llywelyn Bren, a Welsh hostage in his custody.

Hugh “1st Lord Despenser” le DESPENSER and Eleanor ‘Alianore’ de CLARE. They were
married 1306 in England [10, 11]. They had 9 children.

  • i. Hugh “2nd Baron le Despencer” le DESPENSER[3, 12, 13]. He was born 1308 in Stoke, Gloucestershire, England [3, 12, 13]. Battle of Sluys on 24 Jun 1340 in Off Sluys in the French fief of Flanders also called Battle of l’Ecluse, was a sea battle fought on 24 June 1340 as one of the opening conflicts of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France.) [13]. He married Elizabeth de MONTAGU. They were married on 27 Apr 1341 [13]. Battle of Crécy on 26 Aug 1346 in South of Calais, near Crécy-en-Ponthieu, Somme (The Battle of Crécy (occasionally written in English as the “Battle of Cressy”) took place on 26 August 1346 near Crécy in northern France. It was one of the most important battles of the Hundred Years’ War because of the combination of new weapons and tac) [13]. His death 1349 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England (On his death, his barony became extinct) [3, 12, 13]. Burial in Tewkesbury, Tewkesbury Borough, Gloucestershire, England [3].
  • ii. Gilbert le DESPENSER[12]. He was born 1309 [12]. He died 1381 [12].
  • iii. Sir Edward le DESPENSER Knt [2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18]. He was born Abt. 1310 in Buckland, Buckshire, England [2, 12, 15]. He married Anne ‘of Groby’ de FERRERS. They were married on 20 Apr 1335 in Groby, Leicestershire, England [2, 15, 16]. Will Mar 1340 in England [14]. Breton Civil War on 30 Sep 1342 in Morlaix, Finistere, Bretagne, France (Battle of Morlaix). He died on 30 Sep 1342 in Morlaix, Finistere, Bretagne, France [2, 12, 15, 16]. Residence in Pelsthorpe, England [15, 16]. Coat of Arms was Arms of Despencer: Quarterly 1st & 4th: Argent2nd & 3rd: Gules, a fret or, over all a ribbon sable.
  • iv. John le DESPENSER[12]. He was born 1311 [12]. He died Jun 1366 [12].
  • v. Isabel “Countess of Arundel” le DESPENSER[2, 3, 19, 20, 21]. She was born 1312 in Winchester, England [2, 3, 19, 20]. She married Richard “10th Earl Arundel” ‘Copped Hat’ de ARUNDEL. They were married on 09 Feb 1320 in King’s Chapel, Havering- Atte- Bower, England [2, 19]. She died 1372 in Herefordshire, England [3, 19, 20]. Burial in Tewkesbury, Tewkesbury Borough, Gloucestershire, England [3].
  • vi. Eleanor “Nun at Sempringham Priory” DESPENSER[12]. She was born
    1315 [12]. She died 1351 [12].
  • vii. Joan “Nun at Shaftesbury Priory” le DESPENSER[12]. She was born 1317
    [12]. She died 1384 in Shaftesbury Abbey, Dorset, England [12].
  • viii. Margaret “Nun at Whatton Priory” DESPENSER[12]. She was born 1319 [12]. She died 1337 [12].
  • ix. Elizabeth “Baroness Berkeley” le DESPENSER[1, 2, 3, 12, 22, 23]. She was born 1327 in Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire, England [1, 2, 3, 12]. She died on 13 Jul 1389 in Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England [1, 2, 3, 12, 22]. Burial in London, City of London, Greater London, England [1, 3].

Imprisonment

In November 1326, Eleanor was confined to the Tower of London. The Despenser family’s fortunes also suffered with the executions of Eleanor’s husband and father-in-law. Eleanor and Hugh’s eldest son, another Hugh, who held Caerphilly Castle against the queen’s forces until the spring of 1327, was spared his life when he surrendered the castle but remained a prisoner until July 1331, after which he was slowly restored to royal favour. Three of Eleanor’s daughters were forcibly veiled as nuns. Only the eldest daughter, Isabel, and the youngest daughter, Elizabeth, escaped the nunnery, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth on account of her infancy.
In February 1328 Eleanor was freed from imprisonment. In April 1328, she was allowed possession of her own lands, for which she did homage.

Marriage to William de la Zouche

Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle in January, 1329, by William la Zouche, 1st Baron Zouche of Mortimer, who had been one of her husband’s captors and who had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an elopement; in any case, Eleanor’s lands were seized by the King, Edward III, and the couple was ordered to be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the Tower. Sometime after February 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of London; later, she was moved to Devizes Castle. In January 1330, she was released and pardoned after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare inheritance to the crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay the enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.
Within the year, however, the young Edward III (Eleanor’s first cousin) overthrew Queen Isabella’s paramour, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of Mortimer and Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that she had signed them away after being threatened by Roger Mortimer that she would never be freed if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition “to ease the king’s conscience” and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000 pounds, later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the bulk of it was outstanding at the time of her death.
Eleanor’s troubles were by no means over, however. After Eleanor’s marriage to Zouche, Sir John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield claimed that he had married her first. Grey was still attempting to claim Eleanor in 1333; the case was appealed to the Pope several times. Ultimately, Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor remained with him until his death in February 1337, only a few months before Eleanor’s own death. Eleanor and William had children:
William de la Zouche, born 1330, died after 1360, a monk at Glastonbury Abbey.
Joyce Zouche, born 1331, died after 4 May 1372, married John de Botetourt, 2nd Lord Botetourt.

Tewkesbury Abbey Renovations

Hugh le Despenser the younger and Eleanor are generally credited with beginning the renovations to Tewkesbury Abbey that transformed it into the fine example of the decorated style of architecture that it is today. The famous fourteenth-century stained-glass windows in the choir, which include the armor-clad figures of Eleanor’s ancestors, brother, and two husbands, were most likely Eleanor’s own contribution, although she probably did not live to see them put in place. The nude, kneeling woman watching the Last Judgment in the choir’s east window may represent Eleanor.Gloucestershire, England [1, 3, 4, 4, 6].

Sir William “1st Baron la Zouche” de MORTIMER and Eleanor ‘Alianore’ de CLARE. They
were married Abt. 1329 in England [24]. They had 2 children.

  • i. William “a monk at Glastonbury Abbey” de la ZOUCHE [26]. He was born
    1330 [26]. He died Aft. 1360 [26].
  • ii. Joyce la ZOUCHE [27, 28]. She was born Abt. 1331 in Ashby, Leicestershire, England [27]. She died Aft. 04 May 1372 in Weobley Castle, Worcestershire, England [27].

Eleanor de Clare Pedigree

Eleanor de Clare Pedigree

Eleanor de Clare Pedigree

Sources

[1[ Ancestry.com, Web: International, Find A Grave Index (Ancestry.1 com Operations, Inc.).

[2] Heritage Consulting, Millennium File (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.Original data – Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA).

[3] Ancestry.com, UK and Ireland, Find A Grave Index, 1300s-Current (Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.).

[4] Ancestry.com, Gloucestershire, England, Extracted Parish Records (Ancestry.com Operations Inc).

[5] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Lady Eleanor de Clare. Lady Eleanor de Clare1 F, #104849, b. October 1292, d. 30 June 1337 Last Edited=18 Apr 2012 Consanguinity Index=0.06% Lady Eleanor de Clare was born in October 1292.2 She was the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre.1,2 She married, firstly, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser, son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st and last Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp, in 1306.3 She married, secondly, William la Zouche, 1st Lord Zouche of Mortimer, son of Robert de Mortimer and Joyce la Zouche, circa January 1328/29.4 She died on 30 June 1337 at age 44.5,3 Children of Lady Eleanor de Clare and Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser Elizabeth le Despencer+6 d. 13 Jul 1389 Sir Edward le Despenser+3 d. 30 Sep 1342 Eleanor le Despenser+ Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser3 b. c 1308, d. 8 Feb 1348/49 Isabel le Despenser+1 b. c 1313, d. 1375 Citation [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 1 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 243. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S106] Royal Genealogies Website (ROYAL92.GED), online ftp://ftp.cac.psu.edu/genealogy/public_html/royal/index.html. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogies Website. [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37] [S37] BP2003. [S37] [S11] Alison Weir, Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 83. Hereinafter cited as Britain’s Royal Families. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete
Peerage, volume II, page 130.

[6] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Eleanor de Clare. See Webpage 6 for more details.

[7] Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data – This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived), Source number: 73.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: FAI.

[8] Mosley, Charles, Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003 (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A), Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.

[9] Ancestry Family Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Tree.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=14468.

[10] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser. Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser1 M, #1943, b. circa 1290, d. 29 November 1326 Last Edited=16 Aug 2011 Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser was born circa 1290. He was the son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st and last Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp.1 He married Lady Eleanor de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre, in 1306.1 He died on 29 November 1326, by hanging as a
traitor.2 He was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser also went by the nick-name of Hugh ‘the Younger’.1 He was created 1st Lord le Despenser [England by writ] on 29 July 1314.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.).1 In August 1321 he was disinherited and exiled in perpetuity for his alleged misgovernment and malign influence of King Edward II.1 He was attainted. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.3Children of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare Elizabeth le Despencer+4 d. 13 Jul 1389 Sir Edward le Despenser+1 d. 30 Sep 1342 Eleanor le Despenser+ Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser1 b. c 1308, d. 8 Feb 1348/49 Isabel le Despenser+5 b. c 1313, d. 1375 Citations [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37] [S11] Alison Weir, Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 83. Hereinafter cited as Britain’s Royal Families. [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 130. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S6] Cokayne, and
others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 243.

[11] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Hugh Despenser the Younger. See Web page for more details.

[12] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Eleanor de Clare. Marriage to Hugh Despenser the younger[edit] In May 1306 at Westminster, Eleanor married Hugh le Despenser the Younger, the son of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Her grandfather, King Edward I of England, granted Eleanor a maritagium of 2,000 pounds sterling. Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:Hugh le Despencer, 2nd Baron le Despencer (1308–1349) Gilbert le Despenser, (1309–1381). Edward le Despenser, (1310–1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes;[1] father of Edward le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, Knight of the Garter John le Despenser, (1311 – June 1366). Isabel le Despenser (1312–1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel Eleanor le Despenser, (c. 1315 – 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory Joan le Despenser, (c. 1317 – 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey Margaret le Despenser, (c. 1319 – 1337), nun at Whatton Priory Elizabeth le Despenser, born 1325, died 13 July 1389, married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley. Eleanor’s husband rose to prominence as the new favourite of her uncle, King Edward II of England. The king strongly favoured Hugh and Eleanor, visiting them often and granting them many gifts. One foreign chronicler even alleged that Edward was involved in a ménage à trois with his niece and her husband. Whatever the truth, Eleanor’s fortunes changed drastically after the invasion of Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer. Hugh le Despenser was gruesomely executed.

[13] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser. Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser1 M, #26430, b. circa 1308, d. 8 February 1348/49 Last Edited=3 Apr 2011 Consanguinity Index=0.27% Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser was born circa 1308.1 He was the son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare.1 He married Lady Elizabeth Montagu, daughter of William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison, on 27 April 1341.2,3 He died on 8 February 1348/49, without issue.2 He was created 1st Lord le Despenser [England by writ] on 15 November 1338.1 He fought in the Battle of Sluys in 1340.1 He fought in the Battle of Crécy in 1346.1 In 1350 On his death, his barony became extinct.1 Citations [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37] [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 373. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 58. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.

[14] Alfred Gibbons, Early Lincoln Wills. An Abstract of all the Wills & Administrations recorded in the Episcopal Register of the Old Diocese of Lincoln (290 High Street, Lincoln), Last Will and Testament of EDWARD LE DESPENSER, Knight – March 1342. Last Will and Testament of EDWARD LE DESPENSER, Knight – March 1342 The Last Will and Testament of EDWARD LE DESPENCER, knight. EDWARD LE DESPENCER, knight.Dat’ apud Elsham, xii Kal. Marcij 1342. [fo. 97.]Adm. to Ralph de Donyngton, vicar of Rihale, power beingreserved to Wm. de Bayous, knight, & Anne widow of deceased.

[15] Sir Edward le Despenser, Sir Edward le Despenser. Sir Edward le Despenser1 M, #26435, d. 30 September 1342 Sir Edward le Despenser was the son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare.1 He married Anne de Ferrers, daughter of Sir William de Ferrers, on 20 April 1335.1 He died on 30 September 1342.1 He lived at Pelsthorpe, England.1 Child of Sir Edward le Despenser and Anne de Ferrers Edward le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser+1 b. 24 Mar 1335/36, d. 11 Nov 1375 Citations [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37].

[16] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Sir Edward le Despenser. Sir Edward le
Despenser1 M, #26435, d. 30 September 1342 Last Edited=3 Apr 2011 Consanguinity
Index=0.27% Sir Edward le Despenser was the son of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le
Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare.1 He married Anne de Ferrers, daughter of Sir William de Ferrers, on 20 April 1335.1 He died on 30 September 1342.1 He lived at Pelsthorpe, England.1 Child of Sir Edward le Despenser and Anne de Ferrers Edward le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser+1 b. 24 Mar 1335/36, d. 11 Nov 1375 Citations [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1385. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37].

[17] Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data – This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived), Source number: 88.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: FAI.

[18] Ancestry Family Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Tree.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=14789.

[19] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Isabel le Despenser. Isabel le Despenser1 F, #116489, b. circa 1313, d. 1375 Last Edited=3 Apr 2011 Consanguinity Index=0.27% Isabel le Despenser was born circa 1313.1 She was the daughter of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare.1 She married Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, son of Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, on 9 February 1320/21.1 She died in 1375.2 From 9 February 1320/21, her married name became FitzAlan.1 Her marriage to Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel was annulled on 4 December 1344 by Papal mandate, supposedly on the grounds that they were married during their minority, and without their consent. The reality is that the Earl probably wished to be rid of his wife, who had no value to him after her father’s attainder and exectution.1 Child of Isabel le Despenser and Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel Sir Edmund FitzAlan+1 b. c 1327, d. a 1377 Citations [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 243. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S3587] Unknown compiler, compiler, “re: Gray Family”; Ancestral File (30 January 2009), unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as “re: Gray Family.”.

[20] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Eleanor de Clare. Marriage to Hugh Despenser the younger In May 1306 at Westminster, Eleanor married Hugh le Despenser the Younger, the son of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Her grandfather, King Edward I of England, granted Eleanor a maritagium of 2,000 pounds sterling. Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:Hugh le Despencer, 2nd Baron le Despencer (1308–1349) Gilbert le Despenser, (1309–1381). Edward le Despenser, (1310–1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes;[1] father of Edward le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, Knight of the Garter John le Despenser, (1311 – June 1366). Isabel le Despenser (1312–1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel Eleanor le Despenser, (c. 1315 – 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory Joan le Despenser, (c. 1317 – 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey Margaret le Despenser, (c. 1319 – 1337), nun at Whatton Priory Elizabeth le Despenser, born 1325, died 13 July 1389, married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley. Eleanor’s husband rose to prominence as the new favourite of her uncle, King Edward II of England. The king strongly favoured Hugh and Eleanor, visiting them often and granting them many gifts. One foreign chronicler even alleged that Edward was involved in a ménage à trois with his niece and her husband. Whatever the truth, Eleanor’s fortunes changed drastically after the invasion of Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer. Hugh le Despenser was gruesomely executed.

[21] Yates Publishing, U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data – This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived), Source number: 72.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: FAI.

[22] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, Elizabeth le Despencer. Elizabeth le Despencer1 F, #25698, d. 13 July 1389 Last Edited=3 Apr 2011 Consanguinity Index=0.27% Elizabeth le Despencer was the daughter of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser and Lady Eleanor de Clare.1 She married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley, son of Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Lord Berkeley and Margaret Mortimer, in August 1338.1 She died on 13 July 1389.1 She was buried at St. Botolph’s Church, Aldgate, London, England.1 From August 1338, her married name became de Berkeley.1 Children of Elizabeth le Despencer and Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley Sir James de Berkeley+2 d. 13 Jun 1405 John de Berkeley3 Maurice Berkeley+3 Thomas de Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley+1 b. 5 Jan 1352/53, d. 13 Jul 1417 Citations [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 130. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 132. [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 348. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37].

[23] Ancestry Family Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Tree.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=14787.

[24] Darryl Lundy, http://www.thepeerage.com/, William la Zouche, 1st Lord Zouche of Mortimer. William la Zouche, 1st Lord Zouche of Mortimer1 M, #106928, d. 28 February 1336/37 Last Edited=3 Jun 2013 William la Zouche, 1st Lord Zouche of Mortimer was the son of Robert de Mortimer and Joyce la Zouche.2 He married, firstly, Alice de Toni, daughter of Ralph VII de Toni, before 25 February 1316/17.2 He married, secondly, Lady Eleanor de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre, circa January 1328/29.2 He died on 28 February 1336/37.3,2 He was given the name of William de Mortimer at birth.1 He fought in the Battle of Falkirk in 1298.2 In 1304 he secured the reversion of the manor of Ashby-de-la-Zouche.2 He was involved in Piers Gaveston’s murder, but was pardoned in 1313.2 He fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1321/22.2 He was created 1st Lord Zouche, of Richard’s Castle, Mortimer [England by writ] on 26 December 1323.1 He held the office of Keeper of of Glamorgan.2 He lived at Ashby, Leicestershire, England.3 He held the office of Chamberlain of Cardiff between February 1327 and June 1327.2 He held the office of Joint Keeper of Caerphilly Castle in February 1326/27.2 He held the office of Keeper of the Forests South of Trent from 1328 to 1329.2 He held the office of Keeper of the Tower of London from 1328 to 1329.2 Children of William la Zouche, 1st Lord Zouche of Mortimer and Alice de Toni Joyce la Zouche+1 d. a 4 May 1372 Alan la Zouche+2 b. 1317, d. 12 Nov 1346
Citations [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 235. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 4289. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37] [S11] Alison Weir, Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 83. Hereinafter cited as Britain’s Royal Families.

[25] Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2006.Original data – Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data:
Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=18801.

[26] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_de_Clare. Marriage
to William de la Zouche[edit] Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle in January, 1329, by
William la Zouche, 1st Baron Zouche of Mortimer, who had been one of her husband’s captors
and who had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an
elopement; in any case, Eleanor’s lands were seized by the King, Edward III, and the couple
was ordered to be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the
Tower. Sometime after February 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of
London; later, she was moved to Devizes Castle. In January 1330, she was released and
pardoned after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare
inheritance to the crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay the
enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.Within the year, however, the young Edward
III (Eleanor’s first cousin) overthrew Queen Isabella’s paramour, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of
March, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of
Mortimer and Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that
she had signed them away after being threatened by Roger Mortimer that she would never be
freed if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition “to ease the king’s conscience”
and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000 pounds,
later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the
bulk of it was outstanding at the time of her death.Eleanor’s troubles were by no means over,
however. After Eleanor’s marriage to Zouche, Sir John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield
claimed that he had married her first. Grey was still attempting to claim Eleanor in 1333; the
case was appealed to the Pope several times. Ultimately, Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor
remained with him until his death in February 1337, only a few months before Eleanor’s own
death. Eleanor and William had children:William de la Zouche, born 1330, died after 1360, a
monk at Glastonbury Abbey. Joyce Zouche, born 1331, died after 4 May 1372, married John
de Botetourt, 2nd Lord Botetourt.

[27] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Eleanor de Clare. Marriage to William de la
Zouche[edit] Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle in January, 1329, by William la
Zouche, 1st Baron Zouche of Mortimer, who had been one of her husband’s captors and who
had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an elopement; in
any case, Eleanor’s lands were seized by the King, Edward III, and the couple was ordered to
be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the Tower.
Sometime after February 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of London;
later, she was moved to Devizes Castle. In January 1330, she was released and pardoned
after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare
inheritance to the crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay the
enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.Within the year, however, the young Edward
III (Eleanor’s first cousin) overthrew Queen Isabella’s paramour, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of
March, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of
Mortimer and Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that
she had signed them away after being threatened by Roger Mortimer that she would never be
freed if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition “to ease the king’s conscience”
and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000 pounds,
later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the
bulk of it was outstanding at the time of her death.Eleanor’s troubles were by no means over,
however. After Eleanor’s marriage to Zouche, Sir John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield
claimed that he had married her first. Grey was still attempting to claim Eleanor in 1333; the
case was appealed to the Pope several times. Ultimately, Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor
remained with him until his death in February 1337, only a few months before Eleanor’s own
death. Eleanor and William had children:William de la Zouche, born 1330, died after 1360, a
monk at Glastonbury Abbey. Joyce Zouche, born 1331, died after 4 May 1372, married John
de Botetourt, 2nd Lord Botetourt.

[28] Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2006.Original data – Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data:
Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=18800.

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