Generation Ten – John ‘alias Garliford’ DRAPER Gent (1650 – 1699)

47 Generations of Family History
Generation Ten
John Draper
Alias; John Garliford
Gentleman
(1650 – after 1699)

Facts

Name: John ‘alias Garliford’ DRAPER Gent
Birth: 1650
Place of Birth: Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
Parents:
Father: John ‘alias Galliver’ DRAPER
Mother: Elizabeth Collins

Spouse: Joane Cooksley
Marriage: 13 November 1671
Place of Marriage: Exton, Somerset, England

Children: They had 6 known child.
i. Jane Draper
ii. Anne Draper
iii. John Draper
iv. Jane Draper
v. Hannah Draper
vi. Richard Draper

Death: June 1699
Place of Death: Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England.
Cause of Death: Unknown
Burial: 15 June 1699
Place of Burial: St Michael, Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England

Heraldry: None Identified

Relationship to me: 9th Great Grandfather

Short Biography

John ‘alias Garliford’ DRAPER Gent is the son of John ‘alias Galliver’ DRAPER and
Elizabeth COLLINS [1, 2]. He was born abt. 1650 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England.

In 1650, England was just coming to the end of Civil War which ended on the 3 September 1651, marking a Parliamentarian victory and the Establishment of the republican Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell.
It was a difficult period in English history especially for those who supported King Charles I. The Draper family were Royalist cavaliers and were prosecuted in 1647 for their involvement.
John’s father and grandfather were both hauled in front of a parliamentarian committee in 1647 for their involvement and both were heavily fined.
The English civil war period can also be a difficult era for genealogists to research their family history; many records for Baptisms, Marriages and Burials are missing and often families moved especially in areas greatly affected.
I have been fortunate with not having to rely on parish records for both my Mintern and Draper family tree. Both families left a lot of wills behind, and lots more records beside.

The Draper’s however were a little more difficult, namely due to the use of an alias; Garliford, Galliford Galliver are three variations of this name. The use of this surname is first found in 1644, recorded on a marriage document and then falls out of use in 1671, with the marriage of John Draper and Joane Cooksley. I suspect the name is either corrupt or was used to protect their lands and property, during this turbulent period of Civil War, although at the same time, it’s very likely the maiden name of John’s great grandmother Elizabeth who was wife of John Draper Gent (1550 – 1615), this couple owned Watermills, and one such watermill located in Bishop’s Nympton, Devon was called Garliford Mill, although the present building only dates from 1800.
There are also two marriages which should be noted for its importance, although so far I have been unable to include these people in my tree. The first is a marriage between Thomas Strong and Katherine Minterne and the second is a marriage between Henry Strong and Dorothy Garliford. I am certain there is a family connection; I just need to dig a little further.

It should also be noted that North down Farm, Haselbury has been held by the family since the 1500’s, and although I have a lack of Parish records, many of the male lines died out and a lot of inheritance was passed along to nephews who includes my own line.

John Draper or John Garliford as he was known in his early years was a Gentleman farmer, his residence at North Down Farm is recorded on his burial record in 1699 [1].
He married in Exton, Somerset to Joane Cooksley on the 13th November 1671, (Both Draper and the alias Garliford are recorded on this document) their first daughter Jane Draper was born a year later in November 1672, she died when she was about 5 months old. John and Joane had 6 children between the years 1672 – 1687.

I don’t know any personal information about John Draper, the only information I can look at is what life was like during this period, England at this time was very superstitious; the English Witch Trials had ended in 1647 and between 1649 – 1653 Parliament ran England from Cromwell’s point of view, and as a result England suffered. Between the years 1653 – 1658 Oliver Cromwell was England 1st Lord Protector.

Cromwell was a Puritan. He was a highly religious man who believed that everybody should lead their lives according to what was written in the Bible. The word “Puritan” means that followers had a pure soul and lived a good life. Cromwell believed that everybody else in England should follow his example.
One of the main beliefs of the Puritans was that if you worked hard, you would get to Heaven. Pointless enjoyment was frowned upon. Cromwell shut many inns and the theatres were all closed down. Most sports were banned. Boys caught playing football on a Sunday could be whipped as a punishment. Swearing was punished by a fine, though those who kept swearing could be sent to prison.
Sunday became a very special day under he Puritans. Most forms of work were banned. Women caught doing unnecessary work on the Holy Day could be put in the stocks. Simply going for a Sunday walk (unless it was to church) could lead to a hefty fine.
To keep the population’s mind on religion, instead of having feast days to celebrate the saints (as had been common in Medieval England), one day in every month was a fast day – you did not eat all day.
He divided up England into 11 areas; each one was governed by a major-general who was trusted by Cromwell. Most of these generals had been in Cromwell’s New Model Army. The law – essentially Cromwell’s law – was enforced by the use of soldiers.
Cromwell believed that women and girls should dress in a proper manner. Make-up was banned. Puritan leaders and soldiers would roam the streets of towns and scrub off any make-up found on unsuspecting women. Too colourful dresses were banned. A Puritan lady wore a long black dress that covered her almost from neck to toes. She wore a white apron and her hair was bunched up behind a white head-dress. Puritan men wore black clothes and short hair.
Cromwell banned Christmas as people would have known it then. By the C17th, Christmas had become a holiday of celebration and enjoyment – especially after the problems caused by the civil war. Cromwell wanted it returned to a religious celebration where people thought about the birth of Jesus rather than ate and drank too much. In London, soldiers were ordered to go round the streets and take, by force if necessary, food being cooked for a Christmas celebration. The smell of a goose being cooked could bring trouble. Traditional Christmas decorations like holly were banned.
MLA Citation/Reference
“Life in England under Oliver Cromwell”

Gentleman and Lady of the 1690’s

c. 1690    The man wears Rhinegrave breeches under a long, buttoned coat, a lace jabot, and large boots.  His hair is worn long and free in the style of Louis XIV.  The woman wears a high fontage headdress and the stiff stomacher that returned to fashion in the latter part of the Baroque period.  Her decorative apron, headdress, and sleeves are all lavishly trimmed with lace.

c. 1690 The man wears Rhinegrave breeches under a long, buttoned coat, a lace jabot, and large boots. His hair is worn long and free in the style of Louis XIV. The woman wears a high fontage headdress and the stiff stomacher that returned to fashion in the latter part of the Baroque period. Her decorative apron, headdress, and sleeves are all lavishly trimmed with lace.

John Draper died about June1699 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England [1]. His Burial took place on 15 June 1699 in St Michael, Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England [1].

Joane COOKSLEY [3, 4]. She was born Abt. 1650 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England.
She died Abt. Aug 1729 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England [3]. Burial on 20 Aug 1729
in St Michael, Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England [3].

John ‘alias Garliford’ DRAPER Gent and Joane COOKSLEY. They were married on 13 Nov
1671 in Exton, Somerset, England [2]. They had 6 children.

  • i. Jane DRAPER [5]. She was born Abt. Nov 1672 in Haselbury Plucknett,
    Somerset, England [6]. Baptism on 02 Nov 1672 in St Michael, Haselbury
    Plucknett, Dorset, England [6]. She died Apr 1673 in Haselbury Plucknett,
    Somerset, England [5]. Burial on 12 Apr 1673 in St Michael, Haselbury
    Plucknett, Dorset, England [5].
  • ii. Anne DRAPER [7]. She was born 1673 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset,
    England [7]. Baptism 1673 in St Michael, Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England
    [7].
  • iii. John DRAPER [8]. He was born Abt. Feb 1676 in Haselbury Plucknett,
    Somerset, England [8]. Baptism on 16 Feb 1676 in St Michael, Haselbury
    Plucknett, Dorset, England [8].
  • iv. Jane DRAPER [9]. She was born Abt. Apr 1678 in Haselbury Plucknett,
    Somerset, England. Baptism on 23 Apr 1678 in St Michael, Haselbury
    Plucknett, Dorset, England [9].
  • v. Hannah DRAPER [10, 11, 12]. She was born Abt. Sep 1685 in Haselbury
    Plucknett, Somerset, England [10]. Baptism on 09 Sep 1685 in St Michael,
    Haselbury Plucknett, Dorset, England [10]. She married Samuel MINTERN.
    Their marriage on 22 Sep 1713 in Seaborough, Dorset, England (attributions
    with the title, “Mr.”, is an indication emanating from a background of means,
    “Mrs” meaning “Mistress”) [11].
  • vi. Richard DRAPER [13]. Baptism on 28 Feb 1687 in St Michael, Haselbury
    Plucknett, Dorset, England [13]. He was born Abt. Feb 1687 in Haselbury
    Plucknett, Somerset, England [13].

Sources

[1] Free REG – Burials – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England (http://www.freereg.org.uk/),
Burial of John Draper – 15 June 1699 – Haselbury Plucknett. Abode; North Down Notes; Gent.

[2] Transcriptions © Somerset & Dorset Family History Society, Somerset Marriages (pre-1754)
Transcription (Somerset & Dorset Family History Society), Marriage of John Draper and
Joanna Coosley – Exton – 1671. see image for more details.

[3] Free REG – Burials – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England (http://www.freereg.org.uk/),
Burial of Joane Draper. Burial of Joane Draper / 20 August 1729 / Widow.

[4] Transcriptions © Somerset & Dorset Family History Society, Somerset Marriages (pre-1754)
Transcription (Somerset & Dorset Family History Society), Marriage of John Draper and
Joanna Coosley – Exton – 1671. see image for more details.

[5] Free REG – Burials – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England (http://www.freereg.org.uk/),
Burial of Jane Draper – 12 April 1673 – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset. Burial of Jane Draper –
12 April 1673 – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset / Daughter of John and Joane.
[6] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of Female Draper – 2 November 1672 – Haselbury
Plucknett. see image for more details.

[7] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of Ann Draper – 1673 – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset.
see image for more details.

[8] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of John Draper – 16 February 1676 – Haselbury Plucknett,
Somerset. see image for more details.

[9] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of Jane Draper – 23 April 1678 – Haselbury Plucknett,
Somerset. see image for more details.

[10] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of Hannah Draper – 9 September 1685 – Haselbury
Plucknett, Somerset. see image for more details.

[11] Ancestry.com, Dorset, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 (Online
publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data – Dorset
Parish Registers. Dorchester, England: Dorset History Centre.Original data: Dorset Parish
Registers. Dorchester, England: Dorset History Centre.), Dorset History Centre; Dorset Parish
Registers; Reference: PE/SEA:RE1/1.

[12] Ancestry Family Trees (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data:
Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Tree.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4632607&pid=26346.

[13] http://www.freereg.org.uk/, Free REG – Baptisms – Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, England
(http://www.freereg.org.uk/), Baptism of Richard Draper – 28 February 1687 – Haselbury,
Somerset. see image for more details.

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