Lawrence Eliot The Golden Hind and the Spanish Armada
Laurence ELLYOTT of Godalming, Surrey
1550 – 1619
brother-in-law of 12th great grand uncle
Golden Hind at Deptford 1581
My Connection to Lawrence Eliot and the Golden Hind
Lawrence ELIOT (1550 – 1619)
brother-in-law of 12th great grand uncle
Joan ELIOT (1562 – 1634)
sister of Lawrence Eliot and the wife of my 12th great grand uncle
William “Charter-Warden of Godalming” PERYOR (1540 – 1626)
husband of Joan ELIOT and my 12th great grand uncle
John “Yeoman of Godalming” PERYOR (1521 – 1599)
father of William “Charter-Warden of Godalming” PERYOR and my 13th great grandfather
Walter ‘Gaulter’ PERIAR (1550 – 1595)
son of John “Yeoman of Godalming” PERYOR and my 12th great grandfather
John PERYOR (1580 – 1631)
son of Walter ‘Gaulter’ PERIAR and my 11th great grandfather
Henry ‘Periar’ PERYOR (1606 – )
son of John PERYOR and my 10th great grandfather
James PERYOR (1624 – )
son of Henry ‘Periar’ PERYOR and my 9th great grandfather
James PERYOR (1669 – )
son of James PERYOR and my 8th great grandfather
John PERRIOR (1695 – )
son of James PERYOR and my 7th great grandfather
James PERRYER (1735 – 1773)
son of John PERRIOR and my 6th great grandfather
Elizabeth PERRYER (1773 – 1816)
daughter of James PERRYER and my 5th great grandmother
Henry HARRIS (1803 – 1866)
son of Elizabeth PERRYER and my 4th great grandfather
Hannah HARRIS (1845 – 1925)
daughter of Henry HARRIS and my 3rd great grandmother
William Richard TAYLOR (1873 – 1948)
son of Hannah HARRIS and my 2nd great grandfather
Doris Margery TAYLOR (1904 – 1999)
daughter of William Richard TAYLOR and my great grandmother
Joyce Margery PLASKETT (1934 – 2013)
daughter of Doris Margery TAYLOR and my grandfather
Sir Francis Drake in Buckland Abbey
16th century, oil on canvas, by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
The Golden Hind is one of the most famous ships in history she was an English galleon best known for her circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake. She was originally known as Pelican, but was renamed by Drake mid-voyage in 1578, as he prepared to enter the Strait of Magellan, calling her Golden Hind to compliment his patron, Sir Christopher Hatton, whose armorial crest was a golden ‘hind’ (a female deer). Hatton was one of the principal sponsors of Drake’s world voyage.
Although my connection to the Golden Hind and Spanish Armada is through the marriage of my 12th great grand uncle William Peryor who was
Charter-Warden of Godalming, Surrey and Lord of half the manor of Ashurst it’s an incredible link and one worth writing about. William Peryor and his family were very wealthy and married well, in 1573 (five years before Drake circumnavigated the world) in Wisborough Green, Sussex, England he married Joan Eliot who was sister to Lawrence Eliot ‘Botanist’ on-board the golden hind.
Lawrence Eliot (also spelled: Laurence ELLYOTT) was born in 1550 in Godalming, Surrey he was the son of Lawrence and Joan Eliot and one of thirteen recorded children. Sadly there isn’t a lot known about the life of Eliot all we see really are notes about how he contributed to the work of Sir Francis Drake and the voyage of the Golden Hind.
Below is a link to the Drake Exploration Society which mentions Eliot’s work as a Botanist
Drake and Eliot set sail in December 1577 with five small ships, manned by 164 men, and reached the Brazilian coast in the spring of 1578. Drake’s flagship, Pelican, which he renamed Golden Hinde, displaced only about 100 tons.
On 1 March 1579, now in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Ecuador, Golden Hind challenged and captured the Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción. This galleon had the largest treasure captured to that date: over 360,000 Pesos. The six tons of treasure took six days to transship.
On 26 September 1580, Francis Drake alongside Lawrence Eliot sailed his ship into Plymouth Harbour with only 56 of the original crew of 80 left aboard. Despite his piratical conduct on his voyages, Queen Elizabeth I herself went aboard Golden Hind, which was lying at Deptford in the Thames Estuary, and personally bestowed a knighthood on him; her share of the treasure came to almost £160,000: “enough to pay off her entire foreign debt and still have £40,000 left over to invest in a new trading company for the Levant. Her return and that of other investors came to £47 for every £1 invested, or a total return of 4,700%.”
After Drake’s circumnavigation, Golden Hind was maintained for public exhibition in Deptford. This is the earliest known example of a ship being maintained for public display because of her historic significance. Golden Hind remained there for nearly 100 years before she eventually rotted away and was finally broken up.
The Golden Hind
After Eliot’s voyage on the Golden Hind had ended he returned to his place of birth, Godalming, Surrey and about 1586 he married a Mary Barker and went onto have three children, two twins baptised on 7 July 1587, Joseph and William Eliot and a third son baptised a year later on the 24th November 1588, Lawrence Eliot.
Lawrence Eliot junior was lucky to have his father with him during his baptism because a few months before The Spanish Armada invaded England, the famous battle took place on the 8th August 1588.
It is estimated that England lost between 50-100 men, a further 400 were wounded and a further 6,000-8,000 men died of disease, although if we were to compare those figures with the Spanish the total loss of men was well over 20,000 a sure victory for our Tudor English Navy.
Only a few records about the Spanish Armada make a mention of Lawrence Eliot and even these are unsure of what key role he played, one mention’s he was a Master and the other was that he volunteered. Either is very likely.
The Spanish Armada
Lawrence Eliot died in September 1619, Godalming, Surrey and he was buried on the 14th September in the parish church of St Peter & St Paul.
The last will and testament of Lawrence Eliot.